For some reason I was thinking about generators and the yield function (as found in Python). All this functional talk about infinite lists and such I suppose... So I had a go at implementing one in Java, which tied in nicely with my current reflexions about a java-based functional language and the need to provide concurrency out of the box. And another occasion to dabble with wait and notify in Java! After I've written it I found a similar looking implementation (but without the standard Iterator/Iterable interface support) and something on Google code that use bytecode intrumentation (why oh why). But still I like mine, that you can find here (and the unit test is here).
Basically the work is done in another thread and we call wait() when we do a yield. We conform to the Iterator and the Iterable interfaces, and we provide a stop method to actually stop the thread (say for infinite generators). Otherwise if the generator has not finished the thread goes on waiting forever. I've thought about trying to stop the thread when the generator is not used, but I don't know if it even possible with things like SoftReferences (The thread having a pointer to its runnable...).